Masyarakat Konservasi dan Efisiensi Energi Indonesia
The Indonesian Conservation and Energy Efficiency Society
Around the mid-nineties, the government began to introduce energy conservation policies. Responding to these policies, a government sponsored “National energy saving movement” was launched by the ministry of energy and mineral resources.
The movement triggered the establishment of a civil society organization named “the Energy Saving Society” (Masyarakat Hemat Energi) with the objective of supporting the government’s policy on energy efficiency and conservation. However, the community movement stalled in the aftermath of the economic crisis in the late nineties. A few years after the economic crisis, a group of people who care about the national energy issues, se up an association called the Energy Saving Society Forum (FKHME) which was inaugurated on 26 April 2001. Meanwhile, over the last decade, the conventional energy volatility which led the world to experiencing the price of oil exceeding USD100 / bbl for the first time in history, while almost at the same time Indonesia has changed the position of exporters to “net-importers” of petroleum, because of the national oil production capability was unable to meet the needed amount of fuels for domestic purpose. While the renewable energy development needs time to make real impacts on the country’s energy mix other fossil energy resources on the country’s energy mix, other fossil energy resources such as coal and natural gas were facing their own challenges. Energy conservation and efficiency is known to be part of “Clean Energy” for it can reduce the growth of the conventional energy need which could then rationalize the need of energy supplies. Energy saving can help reduce the amount of energy demand, which in turn will match the electricity supply in a more effective way.
The COP21 in Paris, Frances in December 2015 has put clean energy on a high priority to be developed and deployed to keep the global warming below 20C at the turn of this century Indonesia basically takes the stand to make energy conservation and efficiency to be an important part of the national strategy to achieve the national energy security and resilience.
Law no. 30/2007 on Energy mandates all energy users in all sectors to apply energy conservation and efficiency. The implementation of this law is governed by the government regulation no.70/2009 on energy conservation the ECE implementation .in the last five years, the above regulation has been used as the main guidance for both public and private sector to implement the energy conservation and efficiency (ECE) activities, however, there are still some obstacles to cope with the implementation of the ECE has not given satisfying results and instead has caused a new dynamic to emerge. For example, the needs for funding energy efficiency investment in industrial and commercial settings have not yet been supported adequately by the financial sector. Further more, the regulation itself is still missing a clear guidance about the incentive and discentive for the ECE implementation.
Responding to the national energy conditions that are increasingly more complex, which could potentially lead to getting into energy crisis situation, some former activists of FKHME, supported by groups of people concerned about the problem of imbalanced energy “supply” and “demand” in Indonesia, had declared the establishment of Indonesia energy conservation and efficiency society (IECES-MASKEEI) on June 4, 2015.
MASKEEI was established on the basis of a new awareness that the increasing national energy needs could be partially met through intensive and consistent energy efficiency effort involving the entire stakeholders.
MASKEEI looked carefully at the condition of the national energy increasingly dependent on foreign sources, while the primary energy stakeholders were still not too seriously looking at the opportunities to reduce such dependence through better managing the energy demand and improve the energy efficiency.
MASKEEI encourages all efforts is using the energy more efficiently to meet the national energy needs without necessarily building up more supply capacity to meet the increasing energy needs for sustainable development.
The Governing Boards. MASKEEI is governed by organizational bodies elected for a 3 years tenor by the Congress (Musyawarah Nasional or MUNAS). The Congress elects the Chairman, the Chair of the Board of Experts and the Chair of the Board of Advisors. These Boards are assigned by the MUNAS to accomplish MASKEEI’s missions during the 3 years tenor.
Members of the Board of Experts and the Board of Advisors are a selected group of individuals who lend their specific expertise, wisdom and experience for MASKEEI’s interests and purposes. Under the leadership of their respective Chair, they provide advice and consultancy to the Board of Executive.
The Executive Board. The Chairman is in charge of the Executive Board responsible for MASKEEI’s overall organization and leadership. The Chairman forms a Board of Executive (called the Main Executive Board—Dewan Pimpinan Inti) consisting of 5 to 7 members to run the organization on a day to day basis during the Chairman’s leadership determined by the MUNAS.
The Working Groups. The Executive Board forms Working Groups for each Sub Energy Sector where Energy Efficiency and Conservation are paramount issues. These are the Industry, Mobility, Commercial Buildings and Households Sectors. Participation in the Working Groups’ activities is open for all MASKEEI members and activists.
Each Working Group, led by a Coordinator, focuses on addressing efforts of energy efficiency and conservation in the respective sector, and produces reports on the status, progress and development of the efforts and on the basis of which MASKEEI shall publish its standpoints and recommendations on the overall issues.
The Secretariat. The Secretariat is a supporting unit for the whole MASKEEI organization providing administrative services including Membership Administration, Communications and Capacity Buildings activities. The General Secretary is the Head of the Secretariat.